Picture of flowers


Visitor number 12456 since June 14, 2007


A program to `prune' your pedigrees


SECATEURS is a simple program to `prune' a list of pedigrees, elimating any individuals which are uninformative. It is meant as preliminary step for analyses estimating variance components. In addition, SECATEURS carries out some consistency checks on the pedigree, provides the options to compute inbreeding coefficients and set up the inverse of the numerator relationship (NRM) matrix for pruned pedigree, and provides summary information on the pedigree structure.

What is `pruning' ?

When fitting additive genetic effecs, we include animals which do not have records themselves but are parents of animals represented in the data. If further pedigree information is available, we generally also include effects for parents of parents, parents of grand-parents, etc. in the model of analysis.

Any individual without records connected to only one other animal in the pedigree does not add any information, for example, a parent with a single offspring only and unknown parents him/herself. For the purpose of analysis, this parent can be treated as unknown, and thus eliminated from the analysis. This is equivalent to `absorbing' the equation for this animal, and referred to as `pruning', as the procedure is similar to the removal of `dead wood' in plants. For pedigrees spanning several generations backwards, this should be done repeatedly, as pruning of a parent may make an animal a candidate for pruning because its known parent has become `unknown' in the process. For direct genetic effects, pruning is done downwards, i.e. scanning the pedigree from oldest to youngest animals.

Frequently, we fit parental genetic effects, most commonly maternal effects. If these are assumed uncorrelated to the direct genetic effects, the parental pedigree can be pruned separately. For maternal (or paternal) effects, only animals which have offspring in the data have a `record'. Hence animals in the data which do not have progeny are candidates for pruning, i.e. pruning needs to be carried out upwards as well as downwards the pedigree. This can lead to substantial numbers of parental animal effects which can be disregarded. If the software used for the mixed model analysis allows separate pedigrees or inverses of the numerator relationship matrix to be used for different genetic efffects, pedigrees for maternal of paternal effects should thus be pruned separately.



  • While every effort has been made to ensure that programs in SECATEURS do what they claims to do, there is absolutely no guarantee for its correctness.
  • You are using SECATEURS entirely at your own risk, and there is no user-support service.


Documentation for SECATEURS is available as a .pdf file (5 pages) : secateurs.pdf (70 KB, 3515 downloads since 19/6/2007).

Compiled Linux version of SECATEURS; gzipped tar file complete with manual and example (compiled under Redhat Fedora 2, using the Lahey/Fujitsu FORTRAN 95 compiler, version L6.20c) : LinuxSecateurs.tar.gz (509 KB, 1858 downloads since 19/6/2007).

Compiled Cygwin version of SECATEURS; gzipped tar file complete with manual and example (compiled using g95) : CygwinSecateurs.tar.gz (545 KB, 1667 downloads since 19/6/2007).

Source code (Fortran95) for open source version using the algorithm of Meuwissen and Luo (1992) to compute inbreeding coefficients: secateurs.f90 (43 KB, 2243 downloads since 27/07/2009).